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Monday, 25 June 2018 00:00

How to Properly Care for Elderly Feet

An important task that caregivers perform is to properly care for their elderly patients’ feet. This includes checking the feet daily for any cuts or cracks in the skin, in addition to trimming the toenails correctly. Infections may be common in older people, and this may generally be indicated by bleeding sores, discolored toenails, or blisters that are found on the feet. When the toenails are kept short by being trimmed properly, the risk of scratching the skin and breaking any nails may diminish. This can be achieved by using sterile nail clippers that are only used by one person. A warm foot bath or massage may provide relief from tired and achy feet and circulation may improve. Additionally, it’s beneficial to purchase shoes that fit correctly. This can be accomplished by trying both shoes on to confirm there is adequate room for the toes to move freely in. Consulting a podiatrist is strongly recommended to learn about how infections can be prevented in elders feet.

Proper foot care is something many older adults forget to consider. If you have any concerns about your feet and ankles, contact Dr. Harry I. Zirna from Lockport Foot Care, PLLC. Dr. Zirna can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

The Elderly and their Feet

As we age we start to notice many changes in our body, but the elder population may not notice them right away. Medical conditions may prevent the elderly to take notice of their foot health right away. Poor vision is a lead contributor to not taking action for the elderly.

Common Conditions 

  • Neuropathy – can reduce feeling in the feet, and can hide many life threating medical conditions.
  • Reduced flexibility – prevents the ability of proper toenail trimming, and foot cleaning. If left untreated, it may lead to further medical issues.
  • Foot sores – amongst the older population can be serious before they are discovered. Some of the problematic conditions they may face are:
  • Gouging toenails affecting nearby toe
  • Shoes that don’t fit properly
  • Pressure sores
  • Loss of circulation in legs & feet
  • Edema & swelling of feet and ankles

Susceptible Infections

Diabetes and poor circulation can cause general loss of sensitivity over the years, turning a simple cut into a serious issue.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our offices located in Lockport and Medina, NY. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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Swollen feet are often a side effect of being pregnant. The additional weight that is gained is often noticed throughout the body and many times the feet and ankles will be affected. As the pregnancy progresses, this condition often becomes uncomfortable, and relief may be obtained by elevating the feet as often as possible. Additionally, there are exercises that can be incorporated into your daily routine, and alternating between sitting and standing may help your feet feel more comfortable. Research has suggested that drinking  plenty of fresh water daily and avoiding salt will aid in maintaining any swelling that may occur. Furthermore, wearing correct footwear will allow additional room for any expanded growth of the feet and this may possibly avoid certain foot ailments from developing. These conditions may include flat feet, ingrown toenails, or cracked heels and will generally inhibit the well-being feeling that often accompanies pregnancy. Please consider scheduling a consultation with a podiatrist if you would like additional information on how pregnancy may affect your feet.

Pregnant women with swollen feet can be treated with a variety of different methods that are readily available. For more information about other cures for swollen feet during pregnancy, consult with Dr. Harry I. Zirna from Lockport Foot Care, PLLC. Dr. Zirna will attend to all of your foot and ankle needs.

What foot problems can arise during pregnancy?

One problem that can occur is overpronation, which occurs when the arch of the foot flattens and tends to roll inward.  This can cause pain and discomfort in your heels while you’re walking or even just standing up, trying to support your baby.  

Another problem is edema, or swelling in the extremities. This often affects the feet during pregnancy, but tends to occur in the later stages. 

How can I keep my feet healthy during pregnancy?

  • Wearing orthotics can provide extra support for the feet and help distribute weight evenly
  • Minimize the amount of time spent walking barefoot
  • Wear shoes with good arch support
  • Wear shoes that allow for good circulation to the feet
  • Elevate feet if you experience swelling
  • Massage your feet
  • Get regular, light exercise, such as walking, to promote blood circulation to the feet

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our offices located in Lockport and Medina, NY. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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A condition referred to as cuboid syndrome may have similar symptoms as those associated with an ankle sprain. Additionally, the discomfort and pain may be felt on the outside of the ankle and many patients overcompensate by rolling the arches inward. The bone that is called the cuboid bone is found on the outside of the foot, and dislocation may occur from an ankle injury. Treatment may typically consist of aligning the bone correctly in addition to applying tape and adequate padding which may keep the bone from slipping out of place. A condition that is often associated with this ailment is called peroneal tendonitis, which is an inflammation of the tendons that run behind the cuboid bone. For patients who are afflicted with peroneal tendonitis, a rehabilitation program may be suggested which may aid in gradual healing. Please consult with a podiatrist if additional information is required about cuboid syndrome.

Cuboid syndrome, also known as cuboid subluxation, occurs when the joints and ligaments near the cuboid bone in the foot become torn. If you have cuboid syndrome, consult with Dr. Harry I. Zirna from Lockport Foot Care, PLLC. Dr. Zirna will assess your condition and provide you with quality foot and ankle treatment.

Cuboid syndrome is a common cause of lateral foot pain, which is pain on the outside of the foot. The condition may happen suddenly due to an ankle sprain, or it may develop slowly overtime from repetitive tension through the bone and surrounding structures.

Causes

The most common causes of cuboid syndrome include:

  • Injury – The most common cause of this ailment is an ankle sprain.
  • Repetitive Strain – Tension placed through the peroneus longus muscle from repetitive activities such as jumping and running may cause excessive traction on the bone causing it to sublux.
  • Altered Foot Biomechanics – Most people suffering from cuboid subluxation have flat feet.

Symptoms

A common symptom of cuboid syndrome is pain along the outside of the foot which can be felt in the ankle and toes. This pain may create walking difficulties and may cause those with the condition to walk with a limp.

Diagnosis

Diagnosis of cuboid syndrome is often difficult, and it is often misdiagnosed. X-rays, MRIs and CT scans often fail to properly show the cuboid subluxation. Although there isn’t a specific test used to diagnose cuboid syndrome, your podiatrist will usually check if pain is felt while pressing firmly on the cuboid bone of your foot.

Treatment

Just as the range of causes varies widely, so do treatments. Some more common treatments are ice therapy, rest, exercise, taping, and orthotics.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our offices located in Lockport and Medina, NY. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

 

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There is a treatment available for possible Achilles tendon injuries and may be referred to as platelet-rich plasma therapy, or P.R.P. injections. It is described as using the patients blood which is mixed with plasma cells and growth factors and then injected into the affected tissue. Recent research has suggested that the health of the tissue may be improved by rapid healing inspired by growth factors. If you are afflicted with this type of injury, it may be beneficial to undergo standard treatment options before considering P.R.P. injections. This type of treatment may cause the injections to be severely painful in addition to being costly. It’s advised to consult with a podiatrist to discuss what treatment options are right for you.

If you are suffering from a foot condition, contact Dr. Harry I. Zirna of Lockport Foot Care, PLLC. Dr. Zirna will assist you with all of your podiatric concerns.

What is PRP?

Platelet Rich Plasma, or PRP, is blood taken from a patient and spun in a centrifuge, concentrating the amount of platelets. The plasma is then re-injected into the site of injury or damage, assisting the body in repairing damage to muscles, tendons, ligaments, and tissue. PRP helps the body speed up its healing process.

Uses of PRP

Injuries affecting the foot sometimes don’t heal properly because of poor blood circulation. The healing time slows down and recovery time is affected by poor blood supply. PRP injections will speed up recovery and resolve this issue.

Treatment

PRP is the first regenerative treatment for damaged muscles, tendons, and ligaments. No surgery needed. It is only applied with an insertion of a needle.

Ultrasound – An ultrasound is needed for proper placement of the platelets.

Injection – When the first injection is received, the patient will return to the doctor in about 2 to 3 weeks and monitor the recovery process.

Recovery time – Some people respond to treatments differently. Therefore, depending on your condition, the doctor will make any remaining decisions on how many more injections are needed, or if any additional ones are even required.

Benefits

One may be able to avoid major surgery, and recovery time will be cut down. PRP injections also avoid creating scar tissue and damage to the area. Risks are also very low using PRP as a treatment. There is no risk of rejection, contracting a disease from using another person’s blood, or infection.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our offices located in Lockport and Medina, NY. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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